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Home > MG Curriculum > Academic > Science



The Science Curriculum Framework aims to inculcate the spirit of scientific inquiry in our students and to provide strong Scientific fundamentals for them to contribute effectively in a technologically-driven world. 

The Primary Science Syllabus provides students with experiences to achieve the following:


  • Acquire basic scientific concepts to understand themselves and the world around them

  • Develop skills, dispositions and attitudes for scientific inquiry

  • Apply scientific concepts and skills in making responsible decisions

  • Appreciate how science influences people and the environment

Progression of Curriculum  






Themes covered

Diversity        Cycles          Systems          Interactions          Energy


  • Diversity of living and non-living things (General characteristics and classification)

  • Diversity of Materials

  • Cycles in plants and animals (Life cycles)

  • Interactions of forces (Magnets)

  • Cycles in matter and water (Matter)

  • Human system (Digestive system)

  • Plant system (Plant parts and functions)

  • Energy forms and uses (light)

  • Energy forms and uses (heat)

  • Cycles in matter and water (Water)

  • Cycles in plants and animals (Reproduction)

  • Plant system (Respiratory and circulatory systems)

  • Human system (Respiratory and circulatory systems)

  • Electrical system

  • Energy forms and uses (photosynthesis)

  • Energy conversion

  • Interaction of forces (Frictional force, gravitational force, elastic spring force)

  • Interactions within the environment

Additional useful information from MOE: 



Science Centre Workshop: Insect Mysteries

Insects are the most diverse group of organisms on Earth and are vital to the health of the environment. The workshop enables students to discover the unique characteristics and adaptations of insects and learn about their life cycles. They will also be able to get up close and personal with creepy crawlies by observing them under the microscope.

At the end of the workshop, students will be able to:

  • Observe and label the parts of an insect.

  • Observe a variety of insect specimens under the microscope.

  • Outline and explain the typical life cycles of an insect.

  • Identify and link the various adaptations of insects to their environment.


Science Centre Workshop: Heat and Temperature

In this workshop, students will carry out a series of hands-on activities to enhance their learning on heat gain or loss by an object. By applying the concepts of heat energy and temperature, students work in groups to tackle the design challenge of using different materials and ways of keeping homes cool.


At the end of the workshop, students will be able to:

  • Recognise that there are good and poor conductors of heat

  • Relate change in temperature of an object to the gain or loss of heat by the object

  • Measure temperature using a thermometer

  • Investigate the effect of conductors and insulators to build a cool house.

Talent Development: E2K Science 

The E2K Science Programme Singapore is a Science enrichment programme developed by the MOE Gifted Education Branch (GEB) for students who demonstrate strong interest and aptitude for Science.

In MGS, the E2K Science Programme is run by teachers who have been trained in the E2K pedagogy. The programme engages pupils in scientific investigations involving advanced science concepts. It aims to engage pupils in scientific inquiry that will help them to develop the habits, attitudes and dispositions scientists possess as well as to gain important 21st century competencies such as critical and inventive thinking and effective communication skills.


Science Centre Workshop: Diversity of Cells

Earth is an amazing place with a whole variety of life forms and cells are the building blocks of these living things. Do you know that while a bacterium is made up of only one cell, a human being is made up of trillions of cells! Cells are so tiny that about 5000 of them can fit onto the head of a pin and each cell cannot be seen with the naked eye. However, in this lesson we will explore and observe these amazing cells through a microscope and appreciate their significance.


At the end of the workshop, students will be able to:

  • Understand what cells are and that there is a diversity of cells on earth.

  • Learn about classification of living things.

  • Identify different parts of the compound microscope and know their functions.

  • Prepare sample slides using simple staining methods and view them under the microscope.

  • Understand the application of using a microscope to identify microorganisms or cells.

Talent Development: Innovation Programme (IVP)

The Innovation Programme (IvP) provides a unique opportunity for students who show interest in innovation and inventive thinking by developing their research, problem-solving and critical thinking skills.


At the end of the programme, pupils will be able to:

  • Think critically about existing problems in their environment

  • Generate innovative ideas to improve the situation

  • Develop prototypes to test and improve their ideas further

  • Be exposed to knowledge and experiences beyond the classroom through interaction with mentors from tertiary institutions and other organisations


Science Centre Workshop: Aquatic Plants and Animals

Pupils will be taught field techniques to catch and observe a variety of aquatic organisms which make up the pond community. In the process, they will learn about relationships between organisms (e.g. food web) in the pond ecosystem.


At the end of the programme, pupils will be able to:

  • Observe and identify aquatic plants and animals in a freshwater pond.

  • Apply the basic techniques of using a microscope to observe organisms.

  • Classify various pond organisms based on their characteristics.

  • Identify various roles of various organisms in a food chain and a food web.


STEM and Innovation

STEM is a curriculum based on educating our students in the specific disciplines of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. In MGS, the STEM and Innovation programme aims to provide myriad experiences and opportunities at the school-wide level for students to develop a mindset of innovation and to pursue a lifelong passion for STEM.

School-wide Programmes include the following:

  • Environmental Education: Green Photography Competition, Reverse Vending Machine

  • Maker’s Workshop: Student-led opportunities for making and tinkering on Friday mornings

  • STEM Projects integrated into the P3 to P6 Science curriculum